Implementation status: partially implemented

Synopsis

#include <sys/socket.h>

int accept(int socket, struct sockaddr *address, socklen_t *address_len);

Description

The accept() function extracts the first connection on the queue of pending connections, create a new socket with the same socket type protocol and address family as the specified socket, and allocate a new file descriptor for that socket. The file descriptor is allocated as described in File Descriptor Allocation.

Arguments:
socket - a socket that was created with socket(), has been bound to an address with bind(), and has issued a successful call to listen().
address - either a null pointer, or a pointer to a sockaddr structure where the address of the connecting socket is returned.
address_len - either a null pointer, if address is a null pointer, or a pointer to a socklen_t object which on input specifies the length of the supplied sockaddr structure, and on output specifies the length of the stored address.

If address is not a null pointer, the address of the peer for the accepted connection is stored in the sockaddr structure pointed to by address, and the length of this address is stored in the object pointed to by address_len.

If the actual length of the address is greater than the length of the supplied sockaddr structure, the stored address is truncated.

If the protocol permits connections by unbound clients, and the peer is not bound, then the value stored in the object pointed to by address is unspecified.

If the listen queue is empty of connection requests and O_NONBLOCK is not set on the file descriptor for the socket, accept() blocks until a connection is present. If the listen() queue is empty of connection requests and O_NONBLOCK is set on the file descriptor for the socket, accept() fails and sets errno to [EAGAIN] or [EWOULDBLOCK].

The accepted socket cannot itself accept more connections. The original socket remains open and can accept more connections.

Return value

Upon successful completion, accept() returns the non-negative file descriptor of the accepted socket. Otherwise, -1 is returned, errno is set to indicate the error, and any object pointed to by address_len remains unchanged.

Errors

[EAGAIN] or [EWOULDBLOCK] - O_NONBLOCK is set for the socket file descriptor and no connections are present to be accepted.
[EBADF] - The socket argument is not a valid file descriptor.
[ECONNABORTED] - A connection has been aborted.
[EINTR] - The accept() function was interrupted by a signal that was caught before a valid connection arrived.
[EINVAL] - The socket is not accepting connections.
[EMFILE] - All file descriptors available to the process are currently open.
[ENFILE] - The maximum number of file descriptors in the system is already open.
[ENOBUFS] - No buffer space is available.
[ENOMEM] - There was insufficient memory available to complete the operation.
[ENOTSOCK] - The socket argument does not refer to a socket.
[EOPNOTSUPP] - The socket type of the specified socket does not support accepting connections.

The accept() function may fail if:

[EPROTO] - A protocol error has occurred; for example, the STREAMS protocol stack has not been initialized.