struct passwd *getpwnam(const char *name);
int getpwnam_r(const char *name, struct passwd *pwd, char *buffer,
size_t bufsize, struct passwd **result);
IEEE Std 1003.1-2017
getpwnam() function shall search the user database for an entry with a matching name.
getpwnam() function need not be thread-safe.
Applications wishing to check for error situations should set
0 before calling
getpwnam() returns a
null pointer and
errno is non-zero, an error occurred.
getpwnam_r() function shall update the passwd structure pointed to by pwd and store a pointer to that
structure at the location pointed to by result. The structure shall contain an entry from the user database with a matching
name. Storage referenced by the structure is allocated from the memory provided with the buffer parameter, which is
bufsize bytes in size. A call to
sysconf(_SC_GETPW_R_SIZE_MAX) returns either
-1 without changing
errno or an
initial value suggested for the size of this buffer. A
null pointer shall be returned at the location pointed to by result
on error or if the requested entry is not found.
getpwnam() function shall return a pointer to a struct passwd with the structure as defined in
<pwd.h> with a matching entry if found. A
null pointer shall be returned if the requested entry is not found, or an error occurs. If the requested entry was not found,
errno shall not be changed. On error,
errno shall be set to indicate the error.
The application shall not modify the structure to which the return value points, nor any storage areas pointed to by pointers within the structure. The returned pointer, and pointers within the structure, might be invalidated or the structure or the storage areas might be overwritten by a subsequent call to
getpwuid(). The returned pointer, and pointers within the structure, might also be invalidated if the calling thread is terminated.
getpwnam_r() function shall return zero on success or if the requested entry was not found and no error has occurred. If an error has occurred, an error number shall be returned to indicate the error.
These functions may fail if:
EIO- An I/O error has occurred.
EINTR- A signal was caught during
EMFILE- All file descriptors available to the process are currently open.
ENFILE- The maximum allowable number of files is currently open in the system.
getpwnam_r() function may fail if:
ERANGE- Insufficient storage was supplied via buffer and bufsize to contain the data to be referenced by the resulting