Running system on armv7m7-imxrt106x-evk (NXP i.MX RT106x)

This version is designed for NXP i.MX RT106x processors with ARM Cortex-M7 core. To launch this version the final disk image and loader image should be provided. The images are created as the final artifacts of the phoenix-rtos-project building and are located in the _boot directory. The disk image consists of the bootloader (plo), kernel, UART driver (tty), dummyfs filesystem server (RAM disk), and psh (shell). Necessary tools to carry out the flashing process are located in the _boot directory as well.

See how to build the Phoenix-RTOS system image.

Development board

The easiest way to start programming hardware targets using Phoenix-RTOS is to get some of the evaluation boards with a specified target processor or microcontroller. In this case i. MX RT1064 - EVK is the example of a board with the imxrt106x processor, where the default configuration of peripherals allows to run Phoenix-RTOS.

Connecting the board

  • Firstly make sure, that the J1 jumper is in a 3-4 position so that the power will be supplied from the USB OTG port. This is the simplest way, but the good practice is using a USB hub. You can provide power using an AC adapter and DC connector too (1-2 jumper position).

  • To provide a power supply for the board and make flashing possible, you should connect a USB to micro USB cable between your host pc and USB OTG (J9) of the development board. Do it first.

  • To communicate with the board you will need to connect another USB cable, but to DEBUG USB port (J14). The onboard UART-USB converter is used here.

  • Now you should verify what USB device on your host-pc is connected with the DEBUG USB (console). To check that run:

bash ls -l /dev/serial/by-id



If your output is like in the screenshot above, the console (DEBUG USB in the evaluation board) is on the ACM0 port.

  • When the board is connected to your host-pc, open serial port in terminal using picocom and type the console port (in this case ACM0)

picocom -b 115200 --imap lfcrlf /dev/ttyACM0

How to get picocom (Ubuntu 20.04)

sudo apt-get update && \ sudo apt-get install picocom


You can leave the terminal with the serial port open, and follow the next steps.

Flashing the Phoenix-RTOS system image

The process comes down to a few steps, described below.

Uploading Phoenix-RTOS loader (PLO) to the RAM

In order to flash the disk image to the board, the bootloader (plo) image located in the _boot directory should be uploaded to the RAM using psu (Phoenix Serial Uploader) via SDP (Serial Download Protocol).

NOTE: i. MX RT1064 should be set in Serial Download mode. Set the appropriate configuration of SW7 switch on i. MX RT1064 - EVK, which is 0001. If the configuration was different you should restart the board after the change and open the serial port using picocom once again.

Change directory to _boot/armv7m7-imxrt106x-evk and run psu as follow:

cd _boot/armv7m7-imxrt106x-evk
sudo ./psu plo-ram.sdp

The plo user interface should appear in the console.

To get the available bootloader command list please type help.

Copying flash image using PHFS (phoenixd)

To flash the disk image, first, you need to verify on which port plo USB device has been appeared. You can check that using ls as follow:

ls -l /dev/serial/by-id

To share disk image to the bootloader, phoenixd has to be launched with the following arguments (choose suitable ttyACMx device, in this case, ttyACM1):

sudo ./phoenixd -p /dev/ttyACM1 -b 115200 -s .

To start copying a file, write the following command in the console with plo interface:

copy usb0 phoenix.disk flash1 0x0 0x0

The flash1 is the internal flash memory. The alternative option is to copy the system image to external flash memory - flash0.

Booting Phoenix-RTOS from internal Flash

To launch Phoenix-RTOS from flash memory, change SW7 switch to Internal Flash mode (0010 configuration) and restart the board (you can do it by pushing the SW3 button).

If everything has gone correctly, Phoenix-RTOS with the default configuration and the psh shell command prompt will appear in the terminal after 2 seconds. If there is a need to enter the bootloader, the waiting for input should be interrupted by pressing any key. Then you can exit plo by passing go! command.

Using Phoenix-RTOS

If you want to get the available command list please type:

help

To get the list of working processes please type:

ps

To get the table of processes please type:

top

See also

  1. Running system on targets
  2. Table of Contents